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Volume 36, Issue 4
Research Article

Petrocosmea chrysotricha sp. nov. ( Petrocosmea , Gesneriaceae), a species previously mistaken for P. begoniifolia on marlstone cliffs in Yunnan, China

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9059-7255

Guangxi Inst. of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of SciencesGuilin, China

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Guangxi Inst. of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of SciencesGuilin, China

Search for more papers by this author

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9059-7255

Guangxi Inst. of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of SciencesGuilin, China

Search for more papers by this author

Guangxi Inst. of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of SciencesGuilin, China

Search for more papers by this author

State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijing

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Yunnan Academy of Forestry/Yunnan Laboratory for Conservation of Rare, Endangered and Endemic Forest Plants, State Forestry AdministrationKunming, China

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Corresponding Author

E-mail address: gxibly@163.com

Guangxi Inst. of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of SciencesGuilin, China

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First published: 07 May 2018
https://doi.org/10.1111/njb.01664

M.Q.Han, H. Jiang Yan Liu, a new species from Yunnan, China, is described and illustrated. was found growing with . on damp marlstone cliffs in evergreen broad‐leaved forest on Mopan Shan. The new species has been grown for decades by Gesneriad enthusiasts under the name for decades and it is indeed similar to . in its oblique campanulate corolla tube, but differs by having filaments covered with golden lanate indumentum in the middle part and by having primrose yellow flowers at the beginning if anthesis, then turning white.

Volume 36 , Issue 4

April 2018

njb-01664

Metrics

60 percent. 64 percent 66 percent

WHO (2017). Antibiotic Resistance Fact Sheet. World Health Organization. Available online .

Liu, Y. Y., Wang, Y., Walsh, T. R., Yi, L. X., Zhang, R., Spencer, J., ... Yu, L. F. (2016). Emergence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance mechanism MCR-1 in animals and human beings in China: a microbiological and molecular biological study. The Lancet infectious diseases , 16 (2), 161-168. Available online .

Aarestrup, F. M., Kruse, H., Tast, E., Hammerum, A. M., Jensen, L. B. (2000). Associations between the use of antimicrobial agents for growth promotion and the occurrence of resistance among Enterococcus faecium from broilers and pigs in Denmark, Finland, and Norway. Microbial Drug Resistance , 6 (1), 63-70. Available online .

Ventola, C. L. (2015). The antibiotic resistance crisis: part 1: causes and threats. Pharmacy and Therapeutics , 40 (4), 277. Available online .

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Infectious Disease Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013. Apr, 2013. Available online .

Van Boeckel, T. P., Glennon, E. E., Chen, D., Gilbert, M., Robinson, T. P., Grenfell, B. T., ... Laxminarayan, R. (2017). Reducing antimicrobial use in food animals. Science , 357 (6358), 1350-1352. Available Tibi Woman Cropped Zipdetailed Cotton And Linenblend Top Navy Size XS Tibi Online Cheap Authentic Cheap Finishline Cheap Sale Outlet Cheap Sale Enjoy QFzujri9
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This estimate is based on estimates from Van Boeckel et al. (2017) and Walpole et al. (2012). Van Boeckel note that antibiotic use rates in humans is comparable to that of livestock (113 milligrams per kilogram and 133 milligrams per kilograms, respectively). However, animal biomass greatly exceeds that of human biomass; human biomass was calculated based on an adult population of 5.45 billion and average mass of 62 kilograms in 2013.

Walpole, S. C., Prieto-Merino, D., Edwards, P., Cleland, J., Stevens, G., Roberts, I. (2012). The weight of nations: an estimation of adult human biomass. BMC public health , 12 (1), 439. Available online .

Although the specific mechanisms are not completely clear, it's hypothesised that antibiotics repress intestinal bacteria. The reduction in microbial fermentation processes within the gut decreases energy expenditure and allow for a greater proportion of animal feed to be converted into animal biomass.

Van Boeckel, T. P., Brower, C., Gilbert, M., Grenfell, B. T., Levin, S. A., Robinson, T. P., ... Laxminarayan, R. (2015). Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(18), 5649-5654. Available online .

WHO guidelines on use of medically important antimicrobials in food-producing animals. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Available online .

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